Special Analysis 24-01
January 26, 2024

The coronavirus pandemic ushered in a period of rapid economic decline across the country, with many states seeing peak unemployment and financial uncertainty as the virus took its toll on vulnerable groups. It was also a time of swift and robust federal action to mitigate the pandemic’s grip on the health care system and economy.

Congress appropriated more than $5 trillion to tackle the pandemic and the recession it induced. FFIS compiled a database of these appropriations, and began tracking awards for grants and non-grants to help states keep tabs on their receipt of funds from hundreds of funding streams.

This analysis takes a retrospective view of the federal COVID-19 relief funds provided to state and local governments, as well as individuals and businesses.