Comparing the Structure of House and Senate ESEA Reauthorizations
The federal programs that comprise the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) have been expired since authorization of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB; P.L. 107-110) ended after fiscal year (FY) 2007. Lawmakers in the House and Senate have offered comprehensive ESEA reauthorization proposals: the Student Success Act (H.R. 5) and Every Child Achieves Act of 2015 (S. 1177). The former reached the House floor in early February, but still awaits final consideration. The latter was reported by the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committee in April with bipartisan support, but awaits potentially controversial amendments on the Senate floor.
This Issue Brief compares the two bills and how they could affect federal grant programs to states. Table 1 provides a comprehensive list of all ESEA programs and their treatment under the two bills.