Issue Brief 11-15
May 10, 2011

On April 22, 2011, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) released data on state Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work participation rates for federal fiscal year (FY) 2009. The data revealed that nine states, the District of Columbia, and two territories failed to meet one or both of their required FY 2009 work participation rates. For eight of these jurisdictions, this marks at least the third consecutive year of missing the target. While failing to meet work participation rates rates can result in financial penalties for states, there are several courses of action states can undertake to avoid fines. In addition, ACF may reduce penalties if certain conditions are met.